Namibia is a semi-arid and arid country situated between the Namib and the Kalahari Deserts in the south western part of Africa. It is among the least populated countries in the world, with a total land mass of 825,615 kms2 and a population of 2.4 million. Its economy is dominated by agriculture, fishery, mining and tourism. While Namibia is an upper middle income country endowed with considerable natural resources, including minerals (copper, uranium, zinc, gold, gemstones, etc.), fish and wildlife, distribution of resources is highly uneven.