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Securing Land and Property Rights for All

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IFAD

  • 'Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) - Phase 1

     UN-Habitat, through the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN), has entered into a partnership with IFAD to implement a project called the 'Land and Natural Resources Learning Initiative for Eastern and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA)'.

    The Project aims to improve knowledge management strategies and approaches towards a pro-poor and gender-sensitive land and natural resource tenure rights system in selected Eastern and Southern African countries. The goal of the initiative is to contribute to the development and integration of pro-poor tools and approaches for securing land and natural resource rights into development programmes.

    Thematic focus:

    Based on a preliminary review and discussions with various projects and programmes, the TSLI-ESA project will focus primarily, but not exclusively, on the following five themes:

    1. Using technically advanced geographic information technologies, such as aerial photography, remote sensing technology and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for mapping land and natural resource rights, use and management.
    2. Recognizing and documenting small-scale farmers land and water rights in irrigation schemes.
    3. Recognizing and documenting group rights, focusing on range/grazing lands, forests and artisanal fishing communities.
    4. Strengthening women's access to land.
    5. Documenting best practices in securing land and natural resource rights through business partnerships between small-scale farmers and outside investors.
    Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI - ESA) - Phase 1 Knowledge Management Materials
    Knowledge Management Materials Description
    Output 1: Innovative Approaches for Strengthening Security of Land and Natural Resource Tenure of the Poor Documented and Shared
    A. Regional Learning Workshop on Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security The Regional Learning Workshop held in Nairobi marked the start of the TSLI-ESA project Knowledge Management Initiative. The workshop aimed at deepening the understanding of land and natural resources tenure security issues and to identify opportunities to strengthen land tenure security and land access of the rural poor and marginalized groups in sub-Saharan Africa. [Workshop Report]
    B. Country Reports and Country Factsheets The TSLI-ESA project has produced a series of five Country Reports providing country-specific reviews of how recent or on-going IFAD-supported projects and programmes are dealing with land and natural resource issues.
    i) Country Report - Kenya This report captures the lessons learned during a joint visit to Kenya by IFAD and GLTN, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. Its objective is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced by IFAD-supported projects in Kenya and to examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with these issues. [Kenya Country Report]
    ii) Country Report - Uganda This report captures the lessons learned from a number of visits to Uganda by IFAD and GLTN staff, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. The country reports form part of the overall strategy of the TSLI-ESA, which is to identify common issues and to enhance lesson sharing and knowledge management on land-related tools amongst the various projects and country partners. [Uganda Country Report]
    iii) Country Report - Rwanda This report captures the lessons learned from IFAD - supported projects in Rwanda. It is produced as part of the TSLI-ESA after different country visits, the objective of which is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced in the country and examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with them. [Rwanda Country Report]
    iv) Country Report - Swaziland The report captures lessons learned during a joint visit to Swaziland by IFAD and GLTN team, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. It is one of a number of reports on country visits, the objective of which is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced by IFAD-supported projects in these countries and to examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with them. [Swaziland Country Report]
    v) Country Report - Mozambique This report captures the lessons learned during a joint visit to Mozambique by IFAD and GLTN team, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. It is one of a number of reports on country visits, the objective of which is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced by IFAD-supported projects in these countries and to examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with them. [Mozambique Country Report]
    C. Awareness Building and Advocacy  
    i) Contributions to the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington, April 2013 The TSLI-ESA project sponsored the production of three separate papers presented at the annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty in April 2013. These covered three of the five thematic areas of the TSLI-ESA project. 

    Paper 1: Securing Livelihoods, Land and Natural Resource Rights through Inclusive Business Models: Lessons from Uganda and Mali [Masaba et al., 2012]

    Paper 2: Securing Smallholder Farmers' Land and Water Rights and Promoting Equitable Land Access in Irrigation and Watershed Management in Malawi, Rwanda and Swaziland [Gunda et al., 2012]

    Paper 3: Legal Empowerment to Secure Women's Land Rights in Burundi [Musirimu et.al., 2012]

    ii) Contributions to the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington, March 2015 Paper 1: Pro-poor land records, palm oil, and prosperity: any proof from Bugala island, Uganda? [Bennett et al., 2015]

    Paper 2: Scalable Approaches to Improving Tenure Security and their Impacts in Irrigation Schemes: Lessons from Malawi and Kenya [Gunda et al., 2015]

    Paper 3: Scalable approaches to improving tenure security for smallholder farmers in Uganda [Kabuleta et.al., 2015]

    iii) Fact Sheets on the five (5) thematic areas within the TSLI-ESA project These Fact Sheets identify the relevant IFAD supported programmes / projects in various countries in the region and arrange them in accordance with their engagement in the five thematic areas. 

    Mapping: Mapping Land and Natural Resource Rights, Use and Management [Mapping Fact Sheet]

    Land and Water Rights: Securing Smallholder Farmers' Land and Water Rights in Irrigation Schemes in Malawi, Rwanda and Swaziland [Land and Water Rights Fact Sheet]

    Group Rights: Recognizing and Documenting Group Rights to Land and other Natural Resources [Group Rights Fact Sheet]

    Inclusive Business: Securing Land and Natural Resource Rights through Business Partnerships between Small-scale farmers and investors [IBM Fact Sheet]

    Women's Access:

    1. Women's Access to Land in Sub-Saharan Africa [SSA Fact Sheet]
    2. Strengthening Women's Access to Land in Burundi [Burundi Fact Sheet]
    3. Strengthening Women's Access to Land in Rwanda [Rwanda Fact Sheet]
    4. Strengthening Women's Access to Land in Tanzania [Tanzania Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resource Tenure Security for East and Southern Africa [Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resources in Swaziland [Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resources in Kenya [Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resources in Mozambique [Fact Sheet]
    iv) Training on gender and grassroots participation in good land governance In February 2013, TSLI-ESA project sponsored the participation of three representatives from IFAD supported projects and programmes to two parallel training events, one in English and the other in French, on "Good land governance through grassroots participation and gender empowerment" organized by UN-Habitat/GLTN and LPI. [Gender Training Package]
    v) Workshop on tools for strengthening women's land rights In May 2013, GLTN, IFAD and ILC jointly organized a Workshop on "Tools, Guidelines and Approaches for Strengthening Women's Access to Land". The workshop, held in Nairobi, was to present and discuss existing tools and approaches and to analyse and identify existing gaps for up-scaling at country level. [Women's Land Rights - Workshop Report]
    Output 2: Recommendations and Guidelines Produced and Disseminated for Integrating Approaches for Securing Land and Natural Resource Rights
    A.  Learning Notes The Learning Notes provide a review of current approaches and tools for securing land and natural resource rights of poor women and men in the five thematic areas

    Mapping: Using Approaches and technologies for Mapping Land and Natural Resource Use and Rights [Mapping Learning Note]

    Land and Water Rights: Recognising and Documenting Small-scale Farmers' Land and Water Rights in Irrigation Schemes [Land & Water Rights Learning Note]

    Group Rights: Recognizing and Documenting Group Rights: Concepts, Issues and Current Best Practices [Group Rights Learning Note]

    Inclusive Business: Securing Land and Natural Resource Rights Through Business Partnerships between Small-scale Farmers and Outside Investors [IBM Learning Note]

    Women's Access: Strengthening Women's Access to Land [Women Access Learning Note]

    B.  Initiative to establish the communities of practice (CoP) As a first step towards setting up Communities of Practice (CoPs) on TSLI-ESA project’s thematic areas, five thematic mailing lists were set up following the Regional Learning Workshop held in Nairobi in May 2012.
    C.  Roster of land and natural resource tenure consultants and organizations In preparation for Phase 2 of TSLI-ESA project, a call for expression of interest for land and natural resource tenure experts was initiated. 
      Output 3: Opportunities and Modalities for Scaling up Lesson Learning and for Piloting new Approaches Identified
    Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) - Phase 1: Achievements, Lessons Learned and Way Forward  Based on the other outputs and initial learning and experience from Phase 1 of the TSLI-ESA project, GLTN in collaboration with IFAD has acquired a grant for TSLI-ESA Phase 2 Implementation. The final report for Phase 1 gives an overview of the Achievements, Lessons Learned and Way Forward for TSLI-ESA Project [TSLI-ESA Phase 1 Report]
    Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) - Phase 2 Year 1: Achievements, Lessons Learned and Way Forward [TSLI-ESA Brief]
  • Call for Applications! Learning Route on Securing Land and Water Rights: the cases of Senegal and Mauritania.

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    PROCASUR, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and IPAR (Initiative Prospective Agricole et Rurales) are pleased to announce a Learning initiative on Securing Land and Water Rights in irrigation schemes, as part of the cross regional component on Land Tenure Security and Natural Resource Management of the"Strengthening capacities and tools for scaling-up and disseminating innovations" IFAD-PROCASUR Program.

    This Learning Initiative is aimed at promoting a better understanding amongst IFAD projects and its main stakeholders about how to better secure Land and Water Rights in and around irrigation schemes amongst rural small producers, who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods.

    The importance of land and water in contributing to the increase of agricultural production, income, health and sustainable land use have separately been recognized, however, little is understood about their interface. The intricacies of Land and Water Governance (LWG) are only beginning to be understood; indeed, securing access by rural poor people to land and water rights is key to reduce extreme poverty and hunger, since land and water are among the most important assets that poor rural women and men have.

    As part of the learning initiative, the
    Learning Route "Securing Land and Water Rights in irrigation schemes through innovative tools and practical solutions: the cases of Senegal and Mauritania"will take place in Senegal and Mauritania from the6 to the 16 of March 2017.

    Participants will feed their learning needs from three ongoing projects in Senegal and Mauritania: 

    • TheSupport Programme for Rural Communities of the Senegal River Valley (PACR-VFS),funded by the French Development Agency (Diama community in St. Louis Region, Senegal);
    • TheMaghama Improved Flood Recession Farming Project (PACDM) funded by IFAD, (Maghama community, Gorgol Region, Mauritania;
    • TheRural development project of Matam – Consolidation of Food Security Project funded by the West African Development Bank, in Matam Region, Senegal)

    This initiative will expose participants from different IFAD projects and partner institutions with a range of innovative mechanisms and learning activities organized directly on field through the pooling and sharing of knowledge. Innovative local initiatives will give participants the opportunity to analyze and to learn about innovative tools and practices developed by different actors on Land and Water Rights in Irrigation Schemes directly from the local champions in the host experiences and with the support of thematic experts all along the Route. Furthermore, thematic panels of experts and workshops will be organized in collaboration with theGlobal Donor Working Group on Landand thePoverty Reduction Project in Aftout South and Karakoro - PASK II IFAD supported project in Mauritania. 

    Country teams composed by 2 to 4 persons are encouraged to apply: candidates will be selected amongst IFAD’s projects staff, public and private stakeholders, NGOS, CSOs. Being a cross regional initiative, participants from
    WCA, ESA, NEN, APR andLAC will be considered for selection; however, priority in the selection will be given to country teams of IFAD’s projects working on Land and Water Governance as major thematic focus.

    During and after the journey, country-teams will be supported in the elaboration of an innovation plan aimed at replicating innovations in their country/organizations/projects.  Particular attention will be reserved to ex-post monitoring and accompaniment of the LR participants to insure the correct implementation of the innovation learning and sharing process and to give sustainability to the Innovation Plans designed by the "ruteros" (Route participants in Spanish).
     

    Deadline for applications: Friday, February 10th 2017

    How to apply:

    Download , fill and send the (i) Application Form; (ii) Scholarship Request Form; and (iii) your Organization Commitment Letterto the email-address:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.before the10th of February 2017.Early applications are encouraged. We will be happy to provide you with more information on the Learning Route and guide you in the application process.

    For further information, please contact by phone or email:
    Ms. Viviana Sacco: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Phone: +39 338.1046068
    Mr. Karim Derrahi : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.   Phone: + 221.785223844
    Mr. Jean Louis Decrou : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Phone : +221.777917411

  • Managing sustainable water supply with STDM in the Mwea Irrigation Scheme

    Mwea Irrigation Scheme (MIS) employs the STDM in verifying total acreage in the scheme’s Ndekia III Rice Outgrower Block

    Since the installation of the improved digitized land information management system (LIMS) based on Social Domain Tenure Model (STDM) in the Scheme, the Mwea Irrigation Water Users Association (IWUA) continue to map the paddies using hand-held geographical positioning system (GPS), record farmer information to update the land database, and issue  MIS-IWUA Certificates of Integration into the water users association for Ndekia III rice out-grower blocks.  

    “In the face of critical water shortage due to prolonged drought that the country faced this year, establishing the land database with STDM has helped us at MIS a great deal”, said Mr. Ennocent Mwaura, a Senior Technical Water Management Officer at the National Irrigation Board attached to the MIS. “We have been able to verify the actual acreage and thus been able to improve the efficient conveyance of irrigation water to more farmers. In addition, the more accurate and reliable data will be used when charging operation and maintenance fees for the water supplied accordingly, as we now know that the irrigated actual area of Ndekia III is 540 acres and not 200 acres as reported before”.

    A smallholder farmer preparing his rice paddy in Mwea Irrigation Scheme Brendah Achungo A smallholder farmer preparing his rice paddy in Mwea Irrigation Scheme.Photo UNHABITAT/Brendah Achungo

    Established in 1954, MIS is the largest irrigation scheme in Kenya with an annual rice production of 60 million bags from the gazetted scheme area of 26,000 acres. Due to the rising demand for rice as a substitute staple food, MIS is extending the irrigation water supply into ‘private land’ or leaseholds out-grower zones of Mutithi, Kianugu, Kiamanyeki and Ndekia I,II,III,IV; through the construction of the Link Canal No. 1 between Nyamindi River and Thiba River. This is expected to boost the water volume required in the main canal. However, the expansion was informal and undocumented and the scheme’s management could not accurately quite determine the exact number of farmers using the irrigation water and the acreage of their irrigated farms.

    The National Irrigation Board (NIB) and MIS in collaboration with the Upper Tana Natural Resource Management Programme (UTaNRMP), requested support from GLTN under the IFAD-funded Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for Eastern and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) project, to pilot the application of STDM through farmer driven enumerations, towards collecting verifiable household and spatial data, and to produce the Ndekia III area map that would be central to the formalization of the water distribution for irrigation. In December  2016, GLTN through TSLI-ESA launched the Mwea Land Information Management Centre and Database (LIMS) at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme in conjunction with the NIB, MIS-IWUA and the UTaNRMP. The LIMS Database is managed by the Mwea Irrigation Water Users Association (MIS-IWUA) and co-hosted at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme and the National Irrigation Board.This is well within the UTaNRMP project objective, to contribute to the reduction of rural poverty through the promotion of environmentally friendly and sustainable livelihoods in the Upper Tana River catchment area. The LIMS Launch is a part of the pilot application of STDM in IFAD-supported agriculture projects within TSLI-ESA  in Kenya. Other pilot initiatives include using STDM to verify communal natural resources for sustainable management the within the  Dairy Centralization Areas of the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme in Bomet Country

    Work continues after the end of the first phase of the intervention which ended in December 2016. With MIS continuing the scaling up, GLTN through TSLI-ESA continues to provide technical support in the enumeration of Ndekia I, II, and IV. “We are looking forward to farmers participating in the mapping and enumeration exercises we have heard will take place in Ndekia I so as to collect our information as a means of addressing the local population’s needs with regard to the distribution of irrigation water,” said Mr. Chomba Gikuru a farmer in Ndekia I.

                                                                                                     

  • Staff and partners of IFAD supported projects trained in land tenure monitoring

    TSLI Participants

    TSLI-ESA training participants . Photo ©UN-Habitat

    Changes in land governance need to be effectively monitored so as to ensure that they result in improved conditions and sustainable development opportunities for all, especially for the poor. Better knowledge and understanding of the extent to which poor people benefit from secure land and property rights, the effectiveness of land-related policies and land administration systems is essential for the delivery of tenure security and achieve sustainable use of land resources.

    In collaboration with the Regional Centre for Mapping Resource for Development (RCMRD), GLTN conducted a training session from 11th to 19th of April 2016 in Nairobi, Kenya on monitoring tenure using geo-spatial technologies for GLTN partners in IFAD supported projects and programmes in East and Southern Africa. The training is part of the capacity building component of the project and is critical because large agricultural projects and programmes involve acquiring land that occasions the displacement and resettlement of people with poor tenure security.

    GLTN through the Land and Natural Resources Learning Initiative for Eastern and Southern Africa (TSLI–ESA) project continues to work towards strengthening poor communities’ tenure security on land and natural resources. One of the approaches employed is through geo-referenced land records documentation. Recent advancements in geospatial technologies have enabled the integration of remote sensing data in the information systems of projects.

    In his opening remarks, GLTN Secretariat Leader, Oumar Sylla, noted that an integrated approach to land is needed if progress is to be made in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.  He highlighted the importance of monitoring and evaluation in providing evidence based information that can estimate, determine, or justify investments in land towards improvement of tenure security. Notable progress has been made on the SDGs where land is an important element in eradicating poverty, empowering women, improving livelihoods and sustainably managing natural resources. He stressed that measurement indicators on each of the goals will come from within the various investment projects and programmes implemented by the training participants.

    The training brought together a total of 31 participants from 11 countries in the East and Southern Africa region. Countries represented were Burundi, Comoros, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Due to the centrality of monitoring and evaluation and GIS aspects of the training, participants included monitoring and evaluation staff, land tenure technical staff and GIS specialists from various IFAD investment projects and programs, and country line ministries supporting such initiatives. This would ease learning and the transferability of the skills and knowledge into their respective projects after the training.

    Participants presented land tenure situations in their individual countries and in the contexts of their interventions on issues on land tenure, tools and approaches used, lessons learnt and best practices. They learnt how to create and interpret maps showing monitoring and evaluation results for projects performance, including a practical session at the Mwea irrigation scheme in Embu County, Kenya. This provided a good case study with similar land issues (women’s land rights, large scale land based investments, land administration, land conflicts, customary tenure, etc). Guided by field personnel from the National Irrigation Board that oversees the scheme, pillars of monitoring and evaluation such what is monitored, who monitors, for what purpose, the best methods, who the information is intended for in addition to the scale and frequency of monitoring were covered. They also looked into the importance of an integrated approach to land productivity and investments; the use and management of land and water resources and the linkage between land tenure rights regimes and water rights regimes.

    The training concluded with the formulation of action plans by the participants for implementation of what they had learnt including a risk analysis of potential challenges. The risk analysis indicated the possible support that will be required of different players within the projects including RCMRD, GLTN/UN Habitat and government ministries in respective countries.

    A full workshop report will be produced and shared on the GLTN website. 

Contact Info:

Location: Gigiri, UN Complex
Office: NOF South Wing Block 3
Telephone: +254 207623858
Email: gltn[at]unhabitat.org

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