The Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) is an alliance of international partners committed to increasing access to land and tenure security for all, with a particular focus on the poor and women. The Network’s partners include international civil society organizations, research and training institutions, bilateral and multilateral organizations, and international professional bodies.
GLTN develops, disseminates and implements pro-poor and gender-responsive land tools. These tools and approaches contribute to land reform, good land governance, inclusive land administration, sustainable land management, and functional land sector coordination.
Secure land tenure and property rights are fundamental to accessing adequate housing, food security and livelihoods. Land tenure security is crucial for the realization of human rights, poverty reduction, economic prosperity and sustainable development leading to the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals.
- Systematically large scale and scalable.
- Land tools as an entry point in the land sector – For a more comprehensive overview of GLTN’s work, consult Handling Land: Innovative Tools for Land Governance and Secure TenureA land tool is a practical way to solve a problem in land administration and management. It is a method of putting principles, policies and legislation into effect. The term “land tool” covers a wide range of methods, from a simple checklist to use when conducting a survey, software and accompanying protocols, to a broad set of guidelines and approaches. The emphasis is on practicality: users should be able to take a land tool and apply it or adapt it to their own situation. GLTN emphasizes the development and implementation of pro-poor and gender-responsive land tools as the key intervention to address land governance, land management and land administration challenges at country level. For more information on GLTN land tools click here.
- Partnership and collaboration – Sustainable worldwide change in the way land is managed in countries and communities cannot be achieved by individual organizations, no matter how powerful and well-funded. Access to land and tenure security for all, including the poor and women, requires the aligned and well-coordinated action of all land actors: civil society, professionals, research and training organizations, bilateral and multilateral agencies, governments and the private sector. The Global Land Tool Network was established to address this requirement. For more information on the organizations that are part of GLTN click here.
- The Continuum of Land Rights approach – Most countries rely solely on conventional land administration systems for managing their land and providing tenure security to their people. It is estimated that conventional systems cover only about 30 per cent of the land in developing countries and therefore respond to the needs of a small proportion of the population only. However, besides individual registered ownership rights there is a broad range of land rights – ranging from informal, to customary, to group rights and others – that can be recognized, strengthened and used to increase access to land and tenure security. This concept is defined as the continuum of land rights and it is the foundation of the GLTN’s work. For more information on the continuum of land rights click here
- Fit-for-Purpose Land Administration – Conventional land titling approaches have largely failed to deliver their expected results since existing technical solutions are too expensive or are inappropriate for the different types of land tenure in developing countries, are financially unsustainable and require a high level of technical capacity, or are largely unavailable in most developing countries. The fit-for-purpose land administration approach is a response to such challenges. It proposes to re-focus land administration to meet the needs of people and their relationship to land, to support security of tenure for all and to sustainably manage land use and natural resources using flexible and pragmatic approaches, is cheaper to establish and maintain, and is built on existing available technical, financial and human capacities, rather than responding to rigid, high-end requirements. For more information on the fit-for-purpose land administration click here.
Our key areas of work are:
The vision of the programme is: “International partner-organizations, UN-Habitat and related land projects and targeted countries / cities / municipalities are better able to improve tenure security of the urban and rural poor through the adoption and implementation of land policies, tools and approaches that are pro-poor, gender appropriate, effective and sustainable”. GLTN is currently implementing the GLTN Phase 2 of its programme (2012-2017) with funds from Norway, SIDA, Netherlands and UN-Habitat.
The programme’s focus is on capacity development, advocacy and knowledge management; developing land tools and approaches; implementing capacity development programmes and supporting tool implementation in targeted countries, cities and municipalities; and mainstreaming gender, youth and grassroots across the programme implementation. The specific expected accomplishments of the programme are:
- Strengthened land-related policy, institutional and technical frameworks and tools and approaches to address the challenges in delivering security of tenure at scale, particularly for the urban and rural poor;
- Improved global knowledge and awareness on land-related policies, tools and approaches that are pro-poor, gender appropriate, effective and sustainable; and
- Strengthened capacity of partners, land actors and targeted countries, cities and municipalities to be able to promote and implement appropriate land policies, tools and approaches that are pro-poor, gender appropriate, effective and sustainable.
Under the GLTN Phase 2 programme, six projects with a narrower focus and specific deliverables are also being implemented.
- The Strengthening Capacity to Address Land Tenure Security in Africa Through Better Monitoring and Information Project, funded by the United Nations Development Account;
- The Land and Natural Resource Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA), funded by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD);
- The Strengthening Capacity for Assessing the Impact of Tenure Security Measures on IFAD-supported and other projects within the SDG framework, funded by International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD);
- The Conflict Sensitive Land Governance Initiative within the Urban-Rural Nexus Context, funded by the Swiss Development Cooperation;
- The Support for Responsible Governance of Land and Natural Resources in Communal Lands of Kenya project, funded by the Food and Agriculture Organization ;
- The Land and Conflicts in Somalia project, funded by the United Nations Department of Political Affairs.
The organizational arrangement of the Global Land Tool Network comprises the Steering Committee, the International Advisory Board, the clusters, the partners, the individual members and the Secretariat.
The Steering Committee is composed of representatives from various UN-Habitat departments and serves as the decision-making body of GLTN. The Steering Committee is advised by the International Advisory Board and the Secretariat.
GLTN programme is implemented through annual work plans developed by the Secretariat in accordance with the GLTN mandate and the GLTN Phase 2 programme. It takes into consideration the advice of the International Advisory Board, the Steering Committee and the directions provided by partners at the GLTN Partners’ Meeting held every two years. The clusters’ work plans (described below) are also an important part of the GLTN implementation strategy.
Partners are international organizations that adhere to the core values of the Network and which contribute, either substantially and/or financially, to the achievement of the GLTN agenda and objectives.
GLTN partners are organized into clusters based on the nature of their organization. There are currently five clusters: Multilateral and Bilateral Organizations, International Professional Bodies, International Training and Research Institutions, International Rural Civil Society Organizations and International Urban Civil Society Organizations. Every two years, at the GLTN Partners’ Meeting, the partners convene in their respective clusters and elect a cluster leader to represent the cluster on the International Advisory Board. At the same meeting, clusters identify priority areas of work, which will be translated into clusters’ work plans under the leadership of cluster leaders. The implementation of clusters’ work plans is co-funded by the GLTN Phase 2 programme (through the Secretariat) and by funds/in-kind contributions made available by partners.
The International Advisory Board (IAB) is composed of representatives of the five clusters, of the donors, grassroots representatives, and representatives of the Secretariat. The IAB has a chair and a co-chair that are members of the UN-Habitat Committee of Permanent Representatives (Member States). The IAB provides strategic and technical advice to the Network. Members of the IAB also serve as the coordinators within their own cluster. Currently the GLTN International Advisory Board (IAB) representatives are:
- Representative of the Rural International Civil Society Organizations Cluster: Katia Araujo from Huairou Commission
- Representative of the Urban International Civil Society Organizations Cluster: Jane Katz and Susanna Rojas-Williams from Habitat for Humanity International
- Representative of the International Research and Training Institutions Cluster: Siraj Sait from the University of East London (UEL) and David Mitchell from RMIT
- Representative of the International Professional Bodies Cluster: Chryssy Potsiou from the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG)
- Representative of the Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations Cluster: Klaus Deininger and Thea Hilhorst from the World Bank Group
- Grassroots Representatives: Sarah Nandudu (SDI/NSDFU) and Teresia Muthoni Kimani (GROOTS)
- Representatives of bilateral and multilateral organizations funding GLTN: Harold Liversage (IFAD), Helge Onsrud (Norway), Nayoka Martinez-Bäckström (SIDA), Frits-Vander Wal (Netherlands).
The Secretariat of GLTN is hosted by UN-Habitat and it is based in the Land and GLTN Unit at the UN-Habitat headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. The Secretariat is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the programme and over-all Network coordination.
The individual members of GLTN are those individuals who registered on the GLTN website. The members consist of the Network stakeholders and target groups. Members receive GLTN updates and information, can join e-forums and web discussions when available and access e-libraries. Click here to become a GLTN member!