Partner Publications

Midcourse Manoeuvres: Community Strategies and Remedies for Natural Resource Conflicts in India, Indonesia and Myanmar

Land transformation has been at the centre of the economic growth of post-colonial Asia. In the 1990s, many Asian countries embraced economic liberalization and speculative business interests in land began to replace the state’s control of land for developmental purposes. The growing demand for land by corporations and private investors has fuelled several regional land rush waves in Asia, bringing them directly in conflict with communities that require these lands for their occupations and survival.

The Midcourse Manoeuvres report series shares the findings of a three-year study to scope the nature and extent of land use change in the three postcolonial Asian countries of India, Indonesia, and Myanmar. The study analyses primary data on land use approvals for mining, hydropower, industrial estates and plantations over the last three decades as these sectors have caused large-scale land transformations. It also draws from an extensive body of land use studies done by government, academics, international donors, investor coalitions, and non-governmental organizations.

The overall objective of the study is to understand how communities secure land and natural resources that are intrinsic to their basic human survival and livelihoods and to what effect. For researchers, activists, and organizations engaged in supporting communities facing impacts caused by land use change, this project provides a useful baseline of community-level strategies used and remedies extracted in the three countries.

The research also elaborates on the range of laws and institutions that are directly relevant to land and environmental conflicts in each of these countries. This information, documented through various primary and secondary sources, can provide illustrative examples and strategic viewpoints for groups contemplating or seeking remedies for live conflicts on the ground.

The study has been organized into separate reports with detailed case studies for each of the countries:

India Report Indonesia Report Myanmar Report Overview Report