Since the 1990s land reform has received major emphasis in development policy frameworks in Africa. Since then, the majority of African states have enacted new land policies and land reforms. The importance of land reform is also reflected in the official agendas of international development agencies, of regional organisations including the African Union (AU), and the large number of conferences and academic studies undertaken in recent years that deal with land policy issues. At the heart of debates over land lie concerns about access, control, investment, equity, and regulation. However, the framing of these concerns has varied in different epochs, as dominant macro policies change and as policy-makers wrestle with re-contextualising variants of the same problems within new policy contexts.