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LGAF 1Identifying and Monitoring Good Practice in the Land Sector

The Land Governance Assessment Framework: Identifying and Monitoring Good Practice in the Land Sector presents a framework (the LGAF) to assess land governance at the country level, based on existing evidence. In doing so, the LGAF points toward areas where further study is needed, identifies options for regulatory or institutional change and helps planning for the conduct and evaluation of pilot programs. The LGAF provides policymakers with a quick overview of the quality of land governance in five key areas:

  • rights recognition and enforcement
  • land use planning, land management, and taxation
  • management of public land
  • public provision of land information
  • dispute resolution and conflict management.

While its design builds on extensive experience with land sector reform, the LGAF differs from other assessment tools because it is based on the involvement of stakeholders and experts at the local level in an inclusive process that can subsequently be built upon to monitor progress over time. The implementation and use of the LGAF in a growing number of countries also provide ways to identify good practice and share experience for policy reform, thus helping countries to move toward operationalizing international initiatives to improve land governance at the local level. This book describes the structure and rollout of the LGAF tool and includes detailed case studies based on its implementation in five selected countries: Ethiopia, Indonesia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Peru, and Tanzania.

Authors: Klaus Deininger, Harris Selod, and Anthony Burns

Publisher: The World Bank Group

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grg reportThe Groningen Centre for Law and Governance (GCLG) and the University of Cape Town collaborated with the Global Land Tool Network and True Price to convene the fourth annual colloquium on Expropriation Law in Cape Town. The annual meetings of this project concentrate on narrowly defined aspects of expropriation, and facilitate discussion amongst international academics and other experts on shared issues in Expropriation Law. The project gives delegates the opportunity to participate on the global platform, alongside leading scholars in the field of expropriation law.

The meetings have attracted scholars of international repute across the globe, and have provided opportunities for emerging researchers to publish alongside renowned scholars. Previous conferences have resulted in several publications: Rethinking Expropriation Law I: Public Interest in Expropriation and Rethinking Expropriation Law II: Context, Criteria and Consequences of Expropriation (2015, Boom/Eleven and Juta Law); Expropriation Law in Europe (2015, Wolters Kluwer); “Expropriation and the Endurance of Public Purpose: Lesson for South Africa from comparative law on the change of expropriatory purpose” (2015) European Property Law Journal 4(2) 115.

The fourth annual colloquium of this project convened at the University of Cape Town from 7-9 December 2016. The actual organisation was done by an organising committee composed of Hanri Mostert, Louie van Schalkwyk (University of Cape Town), Jean du Plessis and Gianluca Crispi (GLTN Secretariat and UN- Habitat), Pietro Galgani (True Price), and Bjorn Hoops, Nicholas Tagliarino and Leon Verstappen (University of Groningen). The conference focused specifically on certain problematic aspects arising from the compensation requirement in expropriation legislation of a number of foreign legal systems in a broad perspective. It provided a platform to identify ways in which problems relating to compensation can be addressed, and in the process, serve the furtherance of good governance standards. The organising committee solicited eighteen specific contributions from scholars working on expropriation compensation, which contributions were presented during the conference over a two-day period.

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The indicator 1.4.2 is currently classified as Tier III because the conceptual clarity on the methodology is being developed and baseline data are being compiled. A concerted effort is needed over the coming months to ensure the indicator achieves Tier II by October 2017 and then Tier I by October 2018, therefore, is definitely incorporated into the formal SDG monitoring process.

The Global Donor Working Group on Land has set up an informal multi-stakeholder committee, the Friends of the Custodians, to help the World Bank and UN-Habitat to achieve re-classification of this indicator from Tier III to Tier I by October 2018. The committee is composed of UK-DFID, Global Affairs Canada, The Millennium Challenge Corporation, the International Land Coalition, Omidyar Network and the Global Land Indicators Initiative. They are supporting the custodians to mobilize resources and capacities for expert group meetings, while also coordinating with donors and other stakeholders on gathering critical information (e.g. evidence on survey methodologies) in order to satisfy the criteria for achieving Tier II and, eventually, Tier I status.

In collaboration with the custodian agencies, the Global Donor Working Group on Land will capitalize on upcoming key events to review progress made in the process of the land indicators, for e.g. during the next CFS meeting.

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AR2016 cover Learn more about IFAD’s work to promote rural transformation in our 2016 Annual Report. Discover how our investments are empowering rural women and men, and review the facts and figures we share with our Member States and partners. You can also find out more about our advocacy work on behalf of rural communities worldwide.

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Myanmar is undergoing fast, deep and multiple transitions in the economic, political and legal fields, including a peace process to end decades of civil wars. However, these complex and uneven processes are playing out at a slower pace when it comes to improving the protection environment for persons affected by conflict. It is therefore a key moment to plant the seeds for the restitution of housing, land and property (HLP) rights, as this will benefit the peace process, protection and development.

While some significant steps forward have already been taken and authorities have sought to improve the HLP situation after decades of “land grabbing” and forced displacement, much needs to be done to address the needs of the most vulnerable.

NRC in Myanmar, in co-operation with Displacement Solutions has recently developed three publications.

 

Contact Info:

Location: Gigiri, UN Complex
Office: NOF South Wing Block 3
Telephone: +254 207623858
Email: gltn[at]unhabitat.org

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