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Securing Land and Property Rights for All

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TSLI-ESA

  • 'Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) - Phase 1

     UN-Habitat, through the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN), has entered into a partnership with IFAD to implement a project called the 'Land and Natural Resources Learning Initiative for Eastern and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA)'.

    The Project aims to improve knowledge management strategies and approaches towards a pro-poor and gender-sensitive land and natural resource tenure rights system in selected Eastern and Southern African countries. The goal of the initiative is to contribute to the development and integration of pro-poor tools and approaches for securing land and natural resource rights into development programmes.

    Thematic focus:

    Based on a preliminary review and discussions with various projects and programmes, the TSLI-ESA project will focus primarily, but not exclusively, on the following five themes:

    1. Using technically advanced geographic information technologies, such as aerial photography, remote sensing technology and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for mapping land and natural resource rights, use and management.
    2. Recognizing and documenting small-scale farmers land and water rights in irrigation schemes.
    3. Recognizing and documenting group rights, focusing on range/grazing lands, forests and artisanal fishing communities.
    4. Strengthening women's access to land.
    5. Documenting best practices in securing land and natural resource rights through business partnerships between small-scale farmers and outside investors.
    Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI - ESA) - Phase 1 Knowledge Management Materials
    Knowledge Management Materials Description
    Output 1: Innovative Approaches for Strengthening Security of Land and Natural Resource Tenure of the Poor Documented and Shared
    A. Regional Learning Workshop on Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security The Regional Learning Workshop held in Nairobi marked the start of the TSLI-ESA project Knowledge Management Initiative. The workshop aimed at deepening the understanding of land and natural resources tenure security issues and to identify opportunities to strengthen land tenure security and land access of the rural poor and marginalized groups in sub-Saharan Africa. [Workshop Report]
    B. Country Reports and Country Factsheets The TSLI-ESA project has produced a series of five Country Reports providing country-specific reviews of how recent or on-going IFAD-supported projects and programmes are dealing with land and natural resource issues.
    i) Country Report - Kenya This report captures the lessons learned during a joint visit to Kenya by IFAD and GLTN, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. Its objective is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced by IFAD-supported projects in Kenya and to examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with these issues. [Kenya Country Report]
    ii) Country Report - Uganda This report captures the lessons learned from a number of visits to Uganda by IFAD and GLTN staff, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. The country reports form part of the overall strategy of the TSLI-ESA, which is to identify common issues and to enhance lesson sharing and knowledge management on land-related tools amongst the various projects and country partners. [Uganda Country Report]
    iii) Country Report - Rwanda This report captures the lessons learned from IFAD - supported projects in Rwanda. It is produced as part of the TSLI-ESA after different country visits, the objective of which is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced in the country and examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with them. [Rwanda Country Report]
    iv) Country Report - Swaziland The report captures lessons learned during a joint visit to Swaziland by IFAD and GLTN team, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. It is one of a number of reports on country visits, the objective of which is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced by IFAD-supported projects in these countries and to examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with them. [Swaziland Country Report]
    v) Country Report - Mozambique This report captures the lessons learned during a joint visit to Mozambique by IFAD and GLTN team, organised as part of the TSLI-ESA. It is one of a number of reports on country visits, the objective of which is to develop a better understanding of the tenure issues faced by IFAD-supported projects in these countries and to examine some of the tools and strategies adopted to deal with them. [Mozambique Country Report]
    C. Awareness Building and Advocacy  
    i) Contributions to the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington, April 2013 The TSLI-ESA project sponsored the production of three separate papers presented at the annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty in April 2013. These covered three of the five thematic areas of the TSLI-ESA project. 

    Paper 1: Securing Livelihoods, Land and Natural Resource Rights through Inclusive Business Models: Lessons from Uganda and Mali [Masaba et al., 2012]

    Paper 2: Securing Smallholder Farmers' Land and Water Rights and Promoting Equitable Land Access in Irrigation and Watershed Management in Malawi, Rwanda and Swaziland [Gunda et al., 2012]

    Paper 3: Legal Empowerment to Secure Women's Land Rights in Burundi [Musirimu et.al., 2012]

    ii) Contributions to the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington, March 2015 Paper 1: Pro-poor land records, palm oil, and prosperity: any proof from Bugala island, Uganda? [Bennett et al., 2015]

    Paper 2: Scalable Approaches to Improving Tenure Security and their Impacts in Irrigation Schemes: Lessons from Malawi and Kenya [Gunda et al., 2015]

    Paper 3: Scalable approaches to improving tenure security for smallholder farmers in Uganda [Kabuleta et.al., 2015]

    iii) Fact Sheets on the five (5) thematic areas within the TSLI-ESA project These Fact Sheets identify the relevant IFAD supported programmes / projects in various countries in the region and arrange them in accordance with their engagement in the five thematic areas. 

    Mapping: Mapping Land and Natural Resource Rights, Use and Management [Mapping Fact Sheet]

    Land and Water Rights: Securing Smallholder Farmers' Land and Water Rights in Irrigation Schemes in Malawi, Rwanda and Swaziland [Land and Water Rights Fact Sheet]

    Group Rights: Recognizing and Documenting Group Rights to Land and other Natural Resources [Group Rights Fact Sheet]

    Inclusive Business: Securing Land and Natural Resource Rights through Business Partnerships between Small-scale farmers and investors [IBM Fact Sheet]

    Women's Access:

    1. Women's Access to Land in Sub-Saharan Africa [SSA Fact Sheet]
    2. Strengthening Women's Access to Land in Burundi [Burundi Fact Sheet]
    3. Strengthening Women's Access to Land in Rwanda [Rwanda Fact Sheet]
    4. Strengthening Women's Access to Land in Tanzania [Tanzania Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resource Tenure Security for East and Southern Africa [Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resources in Swaziland [Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resources in Kenya [Fact Sheet]
    Land and Natural Resources in Mozambique [Fact Sheet]
    iv) Training on gender and grassroots participation in good land governance In February 2013, TSLI-ESA project sponsored the participation of three representatives from IFAD supported projects and programmes to two parallel training events, one in English and the other in French, on "Good land governance through grassroots participation and gender empowerment" organized by UN-Habitat/GLTN and LPI. [Gender Training Package]
    v) Workshop on tools for strengthening women's land rights In May 2013, GLTN, IFAD and ILC jointly organized a Workshop on "Tools, Guidelines and Approaches for Strengthening Women's Access to Land". The workshop, held in Nairobi, was to present and discuss existing tools and approaches and to analyse and identify existing gaps for up-scaling at country level. [Women's Land Rights - Workshop Report]
    Output 2: Recommendations and Guidelines Produced and Disseminated for Integrating Approaches for Securing Land and Natural Resource Rights
    A.  Learning Notes The Learning Notes provide a review of current approaches and tools for securing land and natural resource rights of poor women and men in the five thematic areas

    Mapping: Using Approaches and technologies for Mapping Land and Natural Resource Use and Rights [Mapping Learning Note]

    Land and Water Rights: Recognising and Documenting Small-scale Farmers' Land and Water Rights in Irrigation Schemes [Land & Water Rights Learning Note]

    Group Rights: Recognizing and Documenting Group Rights: Concepts, Issues and Current Best Practices [Group Rights Learning Note]

    Inclusive Business: Securing Land and Natural Resource Rights Through Business Partnerships between Small-scale Farmers and Outside Investors [IBM Learning Note]

    Women's Access: Strengthening Women's Access to Land [Women Access Learning Note]

    B.  Initiative to establish the communities of practice (CoP) As a first step towards setting up Communities of Practice (CoPs) on TSLI-ESA project’s thematic areas, five thematic mailing lists were set up following the Regional Learning Workshop held in Nairobi in May 2012.
    C.  Roster of land and natural resource tenure consultants and organizations In preparation for Phase 2 of TSLI-ESA project, a call for expression of interest for land and natural resource tenure experts was initiated. 
      Output 3: Opportunities and Modalities for Scaling up Lesson Learning and for Piloting new Approaches Identified
    Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) - Phase 1: Achievements, Lessons Learned and Way Forward  Based on the other outputs and initial learning and experience from Phase 1 of the TSLI-ESA project, GLTN in collaboration with IFAD has acquired a grant for TSLI-ESA Phase 2 Implementation. The final report for Phase 1 gives an overview of the Achievements, Lessons Learned and Way Forward for TSLI-ESA Project [TSLI-ESA Phase 1 Report]
    Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) - Phase 2 Year 1: Achievements, Lessons Learned and Way Forward [TSLI-ESA Brief]
  • Community Mapping Using STDM Enhances Sustainable Management of Communal Resources in Bomet, Kenya

    The smallholder dairy farmers in Sugurmerka,  Bomet County, re-commissioned their Cheptuyet cattle dip facility after successfully reclaiming it and the land from a land grabber. This was achieved following the implementation of phase 1 of the “Securing shared communal resources through and recordation in Bomet Project” using the Social Tenure Domain Model. The community mapping revealed that the land on which the dip facility was built belongs to the community and not the individual. The dairy farmers belong to the Dairy Commercialization Area 1 (DCA1) of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) supported Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Project (SDCP) in Bomet County. With support from Global Land Tool Network (GLTN)’s regional project Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative, SDCP in partnership with RECONCILE facilitated participatory enumeration of dairy farm households and their animals, and mapping of community grazing land and livestock resources in October 2016.

    “The dip has been a subject of concern in the community as the land where it is situated had been grabbed by an individual in the community who erected a fence to curtail the movement of cattle in the area”, said Mr Hezekiel Towett, Treasurer of Communal Resources Management Committee. “We had a certain individual who had encroached into land surrounding the dip, erected a fence around the dip to stop the community from using the dip. He noticed our activities around the communal resource and seemingly got scared, conceding the dip to the community”. “Since we mapped the entire communal resources in Sugurmerka, and reclaimed the cattle dip facility people in the community are now bringing their 1,500 plus animals to Cheptuyet for pest control,” said Mr Towett.

    Bomet 1 

    Cheptuyet communal resource management committee pose for a photo in front of the Cheptuyet community cattle dip

    DCA1 is in Sugurmerka, Chepalungu Sub-County of Bomet County and was selected after a series of community meetings between GLTN, RECONCILE, SDCP, Bomet County government and DCA leaders in Bomet. ”Participatory enumerations generated a database of 498 smallholder dairy farmers and their animals, and community mapping recorded 43 key communal natural resources, (salt licks points, water points, and cattle dips among others) and revealed gaps in terms of accessibility to these communal resources and how these were interlinked to tenure security issues”, said Daniel Langat, Secretary of DCA1. “The process has enabled the Sugurmeka community to identify critical shared resources, develop tenure rules to strengthen the security of their grazing rights from encroachers and land grabbers, and rules for sustainable utilisation of the shared grazing land and water resources,” said Langat.

    As part of the sustainability plan for the cattle dipping facility, “farmers agreed to pay a fee of Ksh10 on each animal dip that is done every Saturday”, said Mr Towett, and he continued “… that the community has reached out to the County Government for laboratory technicians from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries collect water samples every month from the dip for testing the viability of the pesticides in use and report back within three days to the community via the local SDCP office”. Adding his remarks, Mr Evans Kiplagat, SDCP Project Coordinator in Bomet County, indicated that “the dip facility users also agreed that clearing of the water and contents of the dip is done once in three months”. The re-commissioned cattle dip facility has now been placed under the management of a thirteen person committee drawn from the local community (Sigor, Nyagores and Kipkeres Wards) who working in conjunction with the local SDCP office oversee the financial operations and general management of the communal resource.

    TSLI-ESA is a regional project of UN-Habitat/GLTN and IFAD whose main goal is to strengthen security of tenure on land and natural resources through integration of pro-poor land tenure tools in IFAD supported projects and programmes in selected countries in the East and Southern Africa region. By integrating pro-poor and gender-sensitive land documentation tools, TSLI-ESA strengthens the rights of poor communities in IFAD-supported projects and programmes to land and natural resources and the revenue streams linked to those rights.

  • Learning Route on Securing Land Rights through Inclusive Business Models

     What kind of investments will guarantee food and land security? To answer this pertinent question, a Learning Route was implemented by PROCASUR Africa in collaboration with IFAD's Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) in Uganda between the 3rd and 10th of December 2015 on innovative ideas to secure Land Rights through Inclusive Business Models. 

    The main objective of this initiative was to improve project performance among IFAD funded projects in ESA by exposing a selected group of their staff to a set of multi stakeholders’ strategies, tools and best practices towards pro-poor and gender-sensitive land and natural resource tenure rights through business partnerships between small-scale farmers and investors. 

     Watch the video below.

     

  • Managing sustainable water supply with STDM in the Mwea Irrigation Scheme

    Mwea Irrigation Scheme (MIS) employs the STDM in verifying total acreage in the scheme’s Ndekia III Rice Outgrower Block

    Since the installation of the improved digitized land information management system (LIMS) based on Social Domain Tenure Model (STDM) in the Scheme, the Mwea Irrigation Water Users Association (IWUA) continue to map the paddies using hand-held geographical positioning system (GPS), record farmer information to update the land database, and issue  MIS-IWUA Certificates of Integration into the water users association for Ndekia III rice out-grower blocks.  

    “In the face of critical water shortage due to prolonged drought that the country faced this year, establishing the land database with STDM has helped us at MIS a great deal”, said Mr. Ennocent Mwaura, a Senior Technical Water Management Officer at the National Irrigation Board attached to the MIS. “We have been able to verify the actual acreage and thus been able to improve the efficient conveyance of irrigation water to more farmers. In addition, the more accurate and reliable data will be used when charging operation and maintenance fees for the water supplied accordingly, as we now know that the irrigated actual area of Ndekia III is 540 acres and not 200 acres as reported before”.

    A smallholder farmer preparing his rice paddy in Mwea Irrigation Scheme Brendah Achungo A smallholder farmer preparing his rice paddy in Mwea Irrigation Scheme.Photo UNHABITAT/Brendah Achungo

    Established in 1954, MIS is the largest irrigation scheme in Kenya with an annual rice production of 60 million bags from the gazetted scheme area of 26,000 acres. Due to the rising demand for rice as a substitute staple food, MIS is extending the irrigation water supply into ‘private land’ or leaseholds out-grower zones of Mutithi, Kianugu, Kiamanyeki and Ndekia I,II,III,IV; through the construction of the Link Canal No. 1 between Nyamindi River and Thiba River. This is expected to boost the water volume required in the main canal. However, the expansion was informal and undocumented and the scheme’s management could not accurately quite determine the exact number of farmers using the irrigation water and the acreage of their irrigated farms.

    The National Irrigation Board (NIB) and MIS in collaboration with the Upper Tana Natural Resource Management Programme (UTaNRMP), requested support from GLTN under the IFAD-funded Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for Eastern and Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) project, to pilot the application of STDM through farmer driven enumerations, towards collecting verifiable household and spatial data, and to produce the Ndekia III area map that would be central to the formalization of the water distribution for irrigation. In December  2016, GLTN through TSLI-ESA launched the Mwea Land Information Management Centre and Database (LIMS) at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme in conjunction with the NIB, MIS-IWUA and the UTaNRMP. The LIMS Database is managed by the Mwea Irrigation Water Users Association (MIS-IWUA) and co-hosted at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme and the National Irrigation Board.This is well within the UTaNRMP project objective, to contribute to the reduction of rural poverty through the promotion of environmentally friendly and sustainable livelihoods in the Upper Tana River catchment area. The LIMS Launch is a part of the pilot application of STDM in IFAD-supported agriculture projects within TSLI-ESA  in Kenya. Other pilot initiatives include using STDM to verify communal natural resources for sustainable management the within the  Dairy Centralization Areas of the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme in Bomet Country

    Work continues after the end of the first phase of the intervention which ended in December 2016. With MIS continuing the scaling up, GLTN through TSLI-ESA continues to provide technical support in the enumeration of Ndekia I, II, and IV. “We are looking forward to farmers participating in the mapping and enumeration exercises we have heard will take place in Ndekia I so as to collect our information as a means of addressing the local population’s needs with regard to the distribution of irrigation water,” said Mr. Chomba Gikuru a farmer in Ndekia I.

                                                                                                     

  • Staff and partners of IFAD supported projects trained in land tenure monitoring

    TSLI Participants

    TSLI-ESA training participants . Photo ©UN-Habitat

    Changes in land governance need to be effectively monitored so as to ensure that they result in improved conditions and sustainable development opportunities for all, especially for the poor. Better knowledge and understanding of the extent to which poor people benefit from secure land and property rights, the effectiveness of land-related policies and land administration systems is essential for the delivery of tenure security and achieve sustainable use of land resources.

    In collaboration with the Regional Centre for Mapping Resource for Development (RCMRD), GLTN conducted a training session from 11th to 19th of April 2016 in Nairobi, Kenya on monitoring tenure using geo-spatial technologies for GLTN partners in IFAD supported projects and programmes in East and Southern Africa. The training is part of the capacity building component of the project and is critical because large agricultural projects and programmes involve acquiring land that occasions the displacement and resettlement of people with poor tenure security.

    GLTN through the Land and Natural Resources Learning Initiative for Eastern and Southern Africa (TSLI–ESA) project continues to work towards strengthening poor communities’ tenure security on land and natural resources. One of the approaches employed is through geo-referenced land records documentation. Recent advancements in geospatial technologies have enabled the integration of remote sensing data in the information systems of projects.

    In his opening remarks, GLTN Secretariat Leader, Oumar Sylla, noted that an integrated approach to land is needed if progress is to be made in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.  He highlighted the importance of monitoring and evaluation in providing evidence based information that can estimate, determine, or justify investments in land towards improvement of tenure security. Notable progress has been made on the SDGs where land is an important element in eradicating poverty, empowering women, improving livelihoods and sustainably managing natural resources. He stressed that measurement indicators on each of the goals will come from within the various investment projects and programmes implemented by the training participants.

    The training brought together a total of 31 participants from 11 countries in the East and Southern Africa region. Countries represented were Burundi, Comoros, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Due to the centrality of monitoring and evaluation and GIS aspects of the training, participants included monitoring and evaluation staff, land tenure technical staff and GIS specialists from various IFAD investment projects and programs, and country line ministries supporting such initiatives. This would ease learning and the transferability of the skills and knowledge into their respective projects after the training.

    Participants presented land tenure situations in their individual countries and in the contexts of their interventions on issues on land tenure, tools and approaches used, lessons learnt and best practices. They learnt how to create and interpret maps showing monitoring and evaluation results for projects performance, including a practical session at the Mwea irrigation scheme in Embu County, Kenya. This provided a good case study with similar land issues (women’s land rights, large scale land based investments, land administration, land conflicts, customary tenure, etc). Guided by field personnel from the National Irrigation Board that oversees the scheme, pillars of monitoring and evaluation such what is monitored, who monitors, for what purpose, the best methods, who the information is intended for in addition to the scale and frequency of monitoring were covered. They also looked into the importance of an integrated approach to land productivity and investments; the use and management of land and water resources and the linkage between land tenure rights regimes and water rights regimes.

    The training concluded with the formulation of action plans by the participants for implementation of what they had learnt including a risk analysis of potential challenges. The risk analysis indicated the possible support that will be required of different players within the projects including RCMRD, GLTN/UN Habitat and government ministries in respective countries.

    A full workshop report will be produced and shared on the GLTN website. 

  • UPDATED: Regional Training of Trainers Programme on Integration of Land Tenure Monitoring in Development Projects Using Geo-Spatial Technologies (10-20 April 2016)

    Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD)The Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD) will host the regional Training of Trainers Programme on Integration of Land Tenure Monitoring in Development Projects Using Geo-Spatial Technologies from 10th to 20th April, 2016.

     The Training of Trainers workshop is set to track whether investments in land tenure interventions are effective in the framework of creating advocacy for promoting investments to strengthen tenure security.

    A limited number of partial scholarships has been made available by the Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for Eastern & Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) Project for the applicants from the IFAD-funded projects and programmes in Eastern and Southern Africa Region.

    Here is a detailed Call for Applications. For more information, go to the RCMRD website.

Contact Info:

Location: Gigiri, UN Complex
Office: NOF South Wing Block 3
Telephone: +254 207623858
Email: gltn[at]unhabitat.org

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